nerve cell

nerve cell
a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
Syn: ↑neuron
Derivationally related forms: ↑neural (for: ↑neuron), ↑neuronic (for: ↑neuron), ↑neuronal (for: ↑neuron)
Hypernyms: ↑somatic cell, ↑vegetative cell
Part Holonyms: ↑nervous system, ↑systema nervosum
Part Meronyms: ↑axon, ↑axone, ↑dendrite

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: one of the cells that constitute nervous tissue, that have the property of transmitting and receiving nervous impulses, and that are typically composed in higher animals and man of somewhat reddish or grayish protoplasm with a large nucleus containing a conspicuous nucleolus, irregular cytoplasmic granules, and cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated as frequently multiple dendrites or usually solitary axons and which conduct impulses toward and away from the nerve cell body : neuron; sometimes : a nerve cell body exclusive of its processes : the major structural element of the gray matter of the brain and spinal cord, the ganglia, and the retina

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nerve cell noun
1. Any cell forming part of the nervous system
2. A neuron
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Main Entry:nerve

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nerve cell,
1. a cell that conducts impulses; neuron: »

The other part is in a special membrane of nerve cell material wrapped around the brain capillaries (Science News Letter).

2. the cell body of a neuron, excluding its fibers.

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n. a neuron

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noun, pl ⋯ cells [count]

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nerve cell — nerve erve (n[ e]rv), n. [OE. nerfe, F. nerf, L. nervus, akin to Gr. ney^ron sinew, nerve; cf. neyra string, bowstring; perh. akin to E. needle. Cf. {Neuralgia}.] 1. (Anat.) One of the whitish and elastic bundles of fibers, with the accompanying… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nerve cell — n. 1. NEURON 2. occasionally, a nerve cell body without its processes …   English World dictionary

  • nerve cell — n NEURON also CELL BODY * * * see neurone * * * neuron …   Medical dictionary

  • nerve cell — n a ↑neuron …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • nerve cell — nerve′ cell n. cbl neuron • Etymology: 1855–60 …   From formal English to slang

  • nerve cell — ► NOUN ▪ a neuron …   English terms dictionary

  • nerve-cell — nervinė ląstelė statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Svarbiausias nervinio audinio komponentas, vykdantis sudėtingiausias centrinės nervų sistemos funkcijas. atitikmenys: angl. nerve cell vok. Nervenzelle, f rus. нейрон; нервная… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • nerve cell — cell which is part of the nervous system, neuron …   English contemporary dictionary

  • nerve cell — noun A cell of the nervous system which conducts nerve impulses; a neuron …   Wiktionary

  • nerve cell — noun Date: 1858 neuron; also cell body …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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